Sessions and Tracks
Track 1:Molecular signaling
Signaling molecules are the molecules that are responsible for transmitting information between cells in your body. The size, shape, and function of different types of signaling molecules can vary greatly. Some carry signals over short distances, while others transmit information over very long distances.
- signal reception
Track 2:Cell structure &Antibiotic resistance
A cell consists of three parts: the cell membrane, the nucleus, and, between the two, the cytoplasm. Within the cytoplasm lie intricate arrangements of fine fibers and hundreds or even thousands of miniscule but distinct structures called organelles.
Proteins in the cell membrane provide structural support, form channels for passage of materials, act as receptor sites, function as carrier molecules, and provide identification markers.
Antibiotic resistance :
Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in some way that reduces or eliminates the effectiveness of drugs, chemicals, or other agents designed to cure or prevent infections. The bacteria survive and continue to multiply causing more harm.
Track 3:Biochemical Analysis
Biochemical analysis techniques refer to a set of methods, assays, and procedures that enable(give a power) scientists to analyze the substances found in living organisms and the chemical reactions underlying life processes.
Track 4:Cancer Cells Research
Cancer is a broad term. It describes the disease that results when cellular changes cause the uncontrolled growth and division of cells.
Certain forms of cancer result in visible growths called tumors, while others, such as leukemia, etc..As a result, they build up in the body, using oxygen and nutrients that would usually nourish other cells. Cancerous cells can form tumors, impair the immune system and cause other changes that prevent the body from functioning regularly.
Cancerous cells may appear in one area, then spread via the lymph nodes. These are clusters of immune cells located throughout the body.
Track5: DNA Synthesis &RNA Interference
The discovery of the double-helical nature of DNA by Watson & Crick explained how genetic information could be duplicated and passed on to succeeding generations. The strands of the double helix can separate and serve as templates for the synthesis of daughter strands. In conservative replication the two daughter strands would go to one daughter cell and the two parental strands would go to the other daughter cell. In semiconservative replication one parental and one daughter strand would go to each of the daughter cells.
RNA Interference :
The term RNA interference (RNAi) was coined to describe a cellular mechanism that use the gene's own DNA sequence of gene to turn it off, a process that researchers call silencing. In a wide variety of organisms, including animals, plants, and fungi, RNAi is triggered by double-stranded RNA (dsRNA).
Track6 : Drug Delivery and Stem Cells
A drug delivery system is a system that is used as a medium or carrier for administering a pharmaceutical product to a patient.
There are various forms of drug delivery system, such as oral delivery and controlled-release systems.
The right drug delivery system will deliver a drug to the right part of the body at the right time.
Stem Cells :
A stem cell is a cell with the unique ability to develop into specialised cell types in the body. In the future they may be used to replace cells and tissues that have been damaged or lost due to disease.
They have two unique properties that enable them to do this:
- They can divide over and over again to produce new cells.
- As they divide, they can change into the other types of cell that make up the body.
- embryonic stem cells
- adult stem cells
- induced pluripotent stem cells
Track 7: Cardiology
Cardiology is the study and treatment of disorders of the heart and the blood vessels. Heart disease relates specifically to the heart, while cardiovascular disease affects the heart, the blood vessels, or both.
Symptoms that can indicate a heart problem include:
- shortness of breath
- chest pains
- changes in heart rate or rhythm
- high blood pressure
A cardiologist can carry out tests for a heart murmur or an abnormal heart rhythm.
They often treat patients who have had a heart attack, heart failure, or other heart problems. They help make decisions about heart surgery, heart catheterization, and angioplasty and stenting.
Heart diseases that a cardiologist can help with include:
- atherosclerosis ,atrial fibrillation ,arrhythmias ,congenital heart disease ,coronary heart diseas ,congestive heart disease ,high blood cholesterol and triglycerides ,hypertension ,pericarditis ,ventricular tachycardia,high blood pressure, or hypertension
Track 8: Bacteriophages
Bacteriophage, also called phage or bacterial virus, any of a group of viruses that infect bacteria. Bacteriophages were discovered independently by Frederick W. Twort in Great Britain (1915) and Félix d’Hérelle in France (1917). D’Hérelle coined the term bacteriophage, meaning “bacteria eater,” to describe the agent’s bacteriocidal ability. Bacteriophages also infect the single-celled prokaryotic organisms known as archaea.
- Virulent bacteriophages : kill their host bacterial cell by causing it to go through lysis, or burst.
- Temperate phages :are examples of virulent phages.
Track 9: Ion channels: Structural bioinformatics and modeling
Ion channels are membrane proteins of key physiological and pharmacological importance. As is the case for many integral membrane proteins, X-ray structures are known for a few bacterial channels, yet structures of human homologues are required for analysis of channel-associated diseases and for drug design. Homology modelling can be used to help remedy this deficit. In combination with molecular dynamics simulations and associated calculations, modelling provides a powerful approach to understanding structure/function relationships in human ion channels.
Track 10: Role of the complexes in the Nervous system
Genesis of neuronal subtypes is regulated by SWI/SNF (BAF) complex
A vast number of neurons with phenomenal diversity are formed during development of the nervous system. These neurons receive specific instructions in order to acquire unique neuronal identity. The cerebral cortex for example is made up of millions of projection/pyramidal neurons (PNs) broadly organized into several functional domains
BAF complex in the specification and generation of neuronal subtype identity during neural development, and they also give accounts of various aberrant phenotypes attributable to the ablation of specific BAF complex subunits. Using an in vivo mouse model, it has been shown that the BRM-ATPase based BAF complex containing BAF155 and BAF170 subunits is able to bind to Pax6 in a time-regulated manner to modulate the expression of related gene targets such as Cux1, Tle1, and Tbr2. These genes are required for the generation and specification of upper layer neuronal identity.
Track 11: Hanta virus
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is a severe, sometimes fatal, respiratory disease in humans caused by infection with hantaviruses. Anyone who comes into contact with rodents that carry hantaviruses is at risk of HPS. Rodent infestation in and around the home remains the primary risk for hantavirus exposure. Even healthy individuals are at risk for HPS infection if exposed to the virus. To date, no cases of HPS have been reported in the United States in which the virus was transmitted from one person to another. In fact, in a study of health care workers who were exposed to either patients or specimens infected with related types of hantaviruses (which cause a different disease in humans), none of the workers showed evidence of infection or illness.
Track 12 :Plant Anatomy and physiology
Phytotomy is the general term for the study of the internal structure of plants. Originally it included plant morphology, the description of the physical form and external structure of plants. Plants are the living, multicellular, being an organism that belongs to the dominion Plantae. There square measure over 3000,000 species of plants. Plants play a key role within the history of life on planet earth. Plants are the most accountable for the addition of element gas to the atmosphere. they are the sole supply of food for both animals and humans. They are the primary environment for many alternative organisms. A plant resides that turn out their food by chemical process. Plants provide shelter, safety, place, food for animals.
- Primary growth of plant
- Comparative Morphology
- Adventitious Root Formation
- Plant Nutrition and Soil Sciences
Track 13: Enzyme kinetics and Mechanism
It takes the reader through the experimental techniques and the logic by which the mechanisms of enzyme-catalyzed reactions can be elucidated by the results of steady-state kinetics and related experiments. It is meant to make these investigations both satisfying and effective. In distinction to other available descriptions, the descriptions in enzyme Kinetics and Mechanisms are limited to more commonly utilized and useful models and techniques. The logic relating the chemical models to the mathematical models and the logic of relating the mathematical models to data is presented in rather concise text, figures and equations. The development of mathematical models from chemical models is done by a unique algorithm that is both simple and quick, and the same concept are utilized to develop models for the effects of a variety of reaction conditions on the initial velocity. In addition, the various relationships of data, mathematical models and the chemical models is illustrated with examples from the scientific literature.
Track 14: Agronomy and crop science
Agronomy and crop science professionals focus on increasing crop yields, while ensuring the safety of food supplies. A bachelor's degree is typically sufficient to enter this field. Learn more about becoming an agronomist or a crop scientist here.Agronomy and crop science is a branch of agriculture focused on plants, particularly food and cash crops. Professionals in this field are concerned with enhancing grain and seed nutrition, as well as increasing the amount and quality of food. They also work to improve crop and soil conditions in cost effective and environmentally sound ways.
Track 15:Autoimmune diseases
An autoimmune disease is a condition in which your immune system mistakenly attacks your body. The immune system normally guards against germs like bacteria and viruses. When it senses these foreign invaders, it sends out an army of fighter cells to attack them. Normally, the immune system can tell the difference between foreign cells and your own cells. In an autoimmune disease, the immune system mistakes part of your body, like your joints or skin, as foreign. It releases proteins called autoantibodies that attack healthy cells.Some autoimmune diseases target only one organ.
Track 16:Fertilizers and influence on plants
Just like people, plants need nutrients to grow. In a typical fertilizer, you’ll find lots of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. These primary nutrients help plants grow new cells, and many enable different growth and food production processes to happen. If you choose a good quality fertilizer, it will also contain many other nutrients, including secondary nutrients like calcium, magnesium, and sulfur. Calcium helps plants grow roots and stand up straight. Magnesium helps plants make chlorophyll, which helps plants make food through photosynthesis. Sulfur is an important part of different proteins and plants enzymes. Plants also need very tiny amounts of trace elements like boron, copper, iron, chloride, manganese, molybdenum, and zinc as well. The liquid fertilizer has tiny pieces of fertilizer held in suspension in the water. Placing the fertilizer into a liquid base helps that fertilizer move through the soil to the bean seed.
Track 17:Vaccines and Immunotherapy
The vaccine is a biological preparation that enhances resistance to specific infection. It contains particular operators that look like an illness bringing about the microorganism as well as animates body's safe framework to perceive the outside specialists. A vaccine is dead or inactivated life forms or refined items gotten from them. Entire creature antibodies cleaned macromolecules as vaccines, recombinant antibodies, DNA antibodies. The insusceptible framework perceives vaccine specialists as remote, devastates them, and "recollects that" them. Immunotherapy is a standout amongst the most energizing ranges of new disclosures and medicines for various sorts of a tumor. Seeing how the insusceptible framework functions are opening the ways to grow new medicines that are changing the way we consider and treat growth. The vast majority accepting immunotherapies are dealt with in particular malignancy focuses and a large portion of them are selected in clinical trials.
Track 18:Veterinary and comparative sciences
Veterinary Experimental and Diagnostic Pathology publishes high-quality basic and applied research that contributes substantially to our understanding of the pathogenesis of disease, its molecular, functional, and morphologic manifestations, and the development and application of novel techniques and biomarkers that enhance our ability to understand, detect, diagnose, and monitor disease in animals.
Track19 : Evolution of parasitism
Pathogens or parasites that can only feed on a living host and must keep the host and its cells alive are termed biotrophic pathogens. Sedentary ecto- and endoparasitic nematodes are in this category, for example, species of Meloidogyne, Heterodera, Xiphinema, Tylenchulus, Rotylenchulus. In this context, nematodes that withdrawcontents from individual cells and then move to new feeding sites are considered cell grazers.Most plants are resistant to most pathogens; they have highly effective immune systems. This condition is termed Innate Immunity. Host defense mechanisms against pathogens may be as extreme as programmed cell death, the hypersensitive response. To be successful, biotrophic pathogens must suppress host defenses. The feeding site must be induced without host detection or without induction of host defenses.
a. Pre-existing Defenses - Basal Resistance
b. Systemic Induced Resistance
(i) PAMP Signals
(ii) DAMP Signals
Track 20: Taxonomy
Taxonomy is the science of naming, defining (circumscribing) and classifying groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped together into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super-group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy. The principal ranks in modern use are domain, kingdom, phylum (division is sometimes used in botany in place of phylum), class, order, family, genus, and species. The Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus is regarded as the founder of the current system of taxonomy, as he developed a system known as Linnaean taxonomy for categorizing organisms and binomial nomenclature for naming organisms.
With the advent of such fields of study as phylogenetics, cladistics, and systematics, the Linnaean system has progressed to a system of modern biological classification based on the evolutionary relationships between organisms, both living and extinct.